Differences in the physical activity patterns among young old adults by three residential locations in Japan

Tsubasa Iwasa, Tomoko Takamiya, Yumiko Ohya, Yuko Odagiri, Hiroyuki Kikuchi, Noritoshi Fukushima, Koichiro Oka, Yoshinori Kitabatake, Teruichi Shimomitsu, Shigeru Inoue

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The purpose of this cross-sectional study is to investigate the difference in physical activity among elderly living in different areas in Japan ("Bunkyo Ward in Tokyo" (Bunkyo) and "Fuchu City in Tokyo" (Fuchu) as urban areas, and "Oyama Town in Shizuoka" (Oyama) as a non-urban area). Participants were 1859 community-dwelling residents aged 65-74 years, randomly selected from the residential registry (response rate: 68.9%). A mail survey using self-administered questionnaires was conducted. Multivariate logistic regression analyses were used to calculate the adjusted odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (95% CI) of various types of physical activity (eg, walking (Walking), going out (Going-out), bicycling (Bicycling), exercise habits (Exercise)), according to residential areas (reference category: Fuchu), stratified by gender, adjusting for socio-demographic variables. There was a significant difference in Going-out (ORs = 0.61 (95% CI: 0.44-0.86) for men, 0.48 (0.33-0.69) for women)), and Bicycling (0.04 (0.03-0.07) for men, 0.04 (0.02-0.07) for women) in Oyama compared to Fuchu. Furthermore, for women, there was a significant difference in Walking (0.56 (0.38-0.81)) and Exercise (0.59 (0.41-0.85)) in Oyama compared to Fuchu. There was a significant difference in Bicycling and Going-out for men in Bunkyo compared to Fuchu, but there was not a significant difference in other items. Low physical activity levels were observed in the elderly in the non-urban area compared to urban areas. The association was stronger in women. Regional difference might need to be taken into account for an effective physical activity intervention.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)145-154
Number of pages10
Journaljapanese journal of physical fitness and sports medicine
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2015


  • Elderly
  • Environment
  • Epidemiology
  • Exercise
  • Physical activity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation


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