Differential Privacy and IRS Empowered Intelligent Energy Harvesting for 6G Internet of Things

Qianqian Pan, Jun Wu*, Xi Zheng, Wu Yang, L. I. Jianhua

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Citations (Scopus)


In the era of the sixth generation (6G), the deployment of massive Internet of Things (IoT) generates and processes large amounts of data, resulting in high energy demand and huge challenges to the energy-limited IoT devices. To achieve green and sustainable communication, energy harvesting is a feasible technology to prolong the lifetime of IoT. However, the existing energy harvesting architecture cannot guarantee the privacy of energy users while improving the intelligence and effectiveness of energy transmission. To solve these issues, we propose a differential privacy and intelligent reflecting surface empowered privacy-preserving energy harvesting framework for 6G-enabled IoT. First, a secure and intelligent energy harvesting framework is designed, which includes an intelligent reflecting surface-aided radio frequency power transmission mechanism and a differential privacy-based energy harvesting mechanism. Second, an exponential mechanism-based privacy-preserving energy harvesting scheme is established, where we analyze the adversary mode, propose the differential privacy-enabled location-preserving algorithm, and provide security analysis and proof. Third, we quantify the user satisfaction for energy harvesting and propose a deep reinforcement learning empowered resource allocation scheme to maximize the weighted satisfaction of all system users. Finally, simulation results show the effectiveness of the proposed secure and intelligent energy harvesting architecture for 6G IoT.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)22109-22122
Number of pages14
JournalIEEE Internet of Things Journal
Issue number22
Publication statusPublished - 2022 Nov 15
Externally publishedYes


  • Differential privacy (DP)
  • Internet of Things (IoT)
  • energy harvesting (EH)
  • intelligent reflecting surface (IRS)
  • privacy preservation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Signal Processing
  • Information Systems
  • Hardware and Architecture
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Computer Networks and Communications


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