Robert M. Gray*, Andres Buzo, Augustine H. Gray, Yasuo Matsuyama

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

279 Citations (Scopus)


Several properties, interrelations, and interpretations were developed for various speech spectral distortion measures. The principal results are 1) the development of notions of relative strength and equivalence of the various distortion measures both in a mathematical sense corresponding to subjective equivalence and in a coding sense when used in minimum distortion or nearest neighbor speech processing systems; (2) the demonstration that the Itakura-Saito and related distortion measures possess a property similar to the triangle inequality when used in nearest neighbor systems such as quantization and cluster analysis; and 3) that the Itakura-Saito and normalized model distortion measures yield efficient computation algorithms for generalized centroids or minimum distortion points of groups or clusters of speech frames, an important computation in classical cluster analysis and in algorithms for optimal quantizer design. It is argued that the Itakura-Saito and related distortions are well-suited computationally, mathematically, and intuitively for such applications.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)367-376
Number of pages10
JournalIEEE Transactions on Acoustics, Speech, and Signal Processing
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1980 Aug
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Signal Processing


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