Early internationalization and the role of immigration in new venture survival

Guohua Jiang*, Masaaki Kotabe, Robert D. Hamilton, Sheryl Winston Smith

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

40 Citations (Scopus)


Immigrant-started new ventures face the liability of ethnicity because of their founders’ disadvantaged immigration status. It is extremely difficult for them to acquire human, social and financial capital and access market in founders’ country of residence to survive. This study empirically examines the survival of immigrant-started new ventures. We find that an early internationalization strategy could enhance those ventures’ survival and that immigration status moderates the effect of an early internationalization strategy on their survival. This study contributes to both immigrant and international entrepreneurship literature. Managerial and policy implications are also discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1285-1296
Number of pages12
JournalInternational Business Review
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Dec 1
Externally publishedYes


  • Early internationalization strategy
  • Immigrant-started new ventures
  • Immigration
  • Liability of ethnicity
  • Survival

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Business and International Management
  • Finance
  • Marketing


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