Immobilization induces abnormal bone metabolism and severe decalcification of bone. To investigate the effect of middle-term immobilization on bone metabolism, we studied 10 young healthy males and females during bed rest for 20 days. Bone mineral density (BMD) rapidly decreased in both lumbar and metacarpal bones. No bone showed consistent BMD alterations, partial increase and partial decrease, and both lumbar and metacarpal bone showed similar rapid BMD change. Urinary excretion of pyridinoline tended to slightly increase by day 10, and to decline by day 20 (mean +/-SE: 34.2 +/-7.4, 26.3+/-4.6 nmol day-1, respectively). Neither alkaline phosphatase (isoform III) nor tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase, changed, suggesting that in the early stage of immobilization bone matrix in some part might increase or be resorbed without any activation of osteoblast or osteoclast, resulting in rapid calcification or decalcification, respectively.
|Journal of gravitational physiology : a journal of the International Society for Gravitational Physiology
|Published - 1997