Effect of Lower Critical Fields on Magnetization of a Single-Crystal Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8+d Bulk Superconductor

Shinjiro Tochihara*, Ken ichiro Harashima, Hiroshi Yasuoka, Hiromasa Mazaki, Minoru Osada, Masato Kakihana

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


To test the utility of the modified Kim-Anderson critical-state model for study of the magnetic response of ceramic superconductors, we measured the initial magnetization, hysteresis loops and ac complex susceptibilities χn = χ′n - iχ″n(n = 1, 2, 3, 5) of a single-crystal Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8+d bulk sample. The results were simulated in the framework of the model. Analyses of χn have shown that generation of the higher harmonics can be qualitatively reproduced, where the material parameters k and B0, surface barriers ΔH and lower critical fields Hcl involved were used as fitting parameters. Comparison of the observed data with the calculated results has revealed that nonzero values of Hcl play an essential role in the magnetic characteristics of the sample.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)135-139
Number of pages5
JournalFuntai Oyobi Fummatsu Yakin/Journal of the Japan Society of Powder and Powder Metallurgy
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1998 Feb
Externally publishedYes


  • Lower critical field
  • Modified Kim-Anderson critical-state model
  • Single-crystal BiSrCaCuO
  • Surface barrier

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Metals and Alloys


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