Effect of two-phase flow structure in decontamination factor of filtered containment venting system

Taizo Kanai, Yoshihisa Nishi, Masahiro Furuya, Kenetsu Shirakawa, Takahiro Arai, Satoshi Nishimura, Nobuyuki Tanaka, Masaaki Satake

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

5 Citations (Scopus)


In order to gain the best use of filtered containment venting systems (FCVSs), the decomtamination factor of FCVSs is to be investigated as a function of system parameter including steam flow rate, pressure, temperature, water level, and operating time. A full-height test facilities were designed and constructed in Central Research Institute of Electric Power Industry (CRIEPI), Japan to evaluate the decontamination factor (DF) in FCVSs. The target types are the orifice and the venturi FCVSs. The height and the internal diameter of the cylindrical test vessel is 8 m and 0.5 m. Bubbly flows were visualized through the view window up to 0.8 MPa and 170 °C. Steam bubbles in 0.2 wt% sodium thiosulfate and 0.5 wt% sodium hydroxide were found to be much smaller than those in water. The DF were evaluated for the aerosol, elemental iodine and organic iodine. The installed aerosol optical spectrometer measures the number density and the diameter of aerosols. The concentrations of elemental iodine were quantified with an inductively-coupled plasma with mass spectrometry (ICP-MS). The concentration of organic iodine was quantified with a gas chromatography with mass spectrometry (GC-MS). In order to investigate two-phase flow dynamics in the vessel, separate effect tests were conducted with air-water test facility. The height of cylindrical test vessel is 8 m. Visual observation was conducted for two internal diameter levels: 0.05 and 0.5 m. High speed video frames were recorded through the transparent (acrylic) vessel wall. Wire-Mesh Sensors (WMS) were installed to acquire a cross-sectional void fraction to compare with DF in the facility. On the basis of the obtained database, we develop the FCVSs performance evaluation technique and propose an optimal FCVSs operation method for a further safety improvements of the nuclear power plant.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationPlant Operations, Maintenance, Engineering, Modifications, Life Cycle and Balance of Plant; Nuclear Fuel and Materials; Plant Systems, Structures and Components; Codes, Standards, Licensing and Regulatory Issues
PublisherAmerican Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME)
ISBN (Electronic)9780791845899
Publication statusPublished - 2014
Externally publishedYes
Event2014 22nd International Conference on Nuclear Engineering, ICONE 2014 - Prague, Czech Republic
Duration: 2014 Jul 72014 Jul 11

Publication series

NameInternational Conference on Nuclear Engineering, Proceedings, ICONE


Conference2014 22nd International Conference on Nuclear Engineering, ICONE 2014
Country/TerritoryCzech Republic

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nuclear Energy and Engineering


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