Effective Hamiltonian for cuprate superconductors derived from multiscale ab initio scheme with level renormalization

Motoaki Hirayama, Takahiro Misawa, Takahiro Ohgoe, Youhei Yamaji, Masatoshi Imada

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29 Citations (Scopus)


Three types (three-band, two-band, and one-band) of effective Hamiltonians for HgBa2CuO4 and three-band effective Hamiltonian for La2CuO4 are derived by improving the constrained-GW approximation combined with the self-interaction correction (cGW-SIC) formulated by Hirayama et al. [Phys. Rev. B 98, 134501 (2018)2469-995010.1103/PhysRevB.98.134501]. The improved treatment of the interband Hartree energy in the present paper turns out to be crucially important, because the solution of the present improved Hamiltonian shows excellent agreement with the experimental results, for instance, for the charge gap (2 eV) and antiferromagnetic ordered moment (0.6μB) of the mother compound of La2CuO4, in sharp contrast to the estimates by the previous Hamiltonian, 4.5 eV and 0.8μB, respectively. To our knowledge, this is the first simultaneous and quantitative reproduction of these quantities by abinitio methods without introducing adjustable parameters. We also predict that the Mott gap and the magnetic ordered moment for HgBa2CuO4 is about 0.7 eV and 0.4μB, respectively, if the mother compound becomes available, indicating weaker electron correlations than La2CuO4. Surprisingly, we find that while carriers are doped only in the highest antibonding band, only the Cu 3dx2-y2 (O 2p) carriers look doped in the electron (hole) doped side around the zero doping in the atomic orbital basis, implying that the Mott-Hubbard (single-band) and charge transfer (three-band) descriptions are both correct. The obtained Hamiltonians will serve to further clarify the electronic structures of these copper oxide superconductors and to elucidate the superconducting mechanism in an ab initio fashion.

Original languageEnglish
Article number245155
JournalPhysical Review B
Issue number24
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Jun 27
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics


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