Effects of reward on self-regulation, intrinsic motivation and creativity

Marcus Selart*, Thomas Nordström, Bård Kuvaas, Kazuhisa Takemura

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

26 Citations (Scopus)


This article evaluates the effects of two types of rewards (performance-contingent versus engagement-contingent) on self-regulation, intrinsic motivation and creativity. Forty-two undergraduate students were randomly assigned to three conditions; i.e. a performance-contingent reward group, an engagement-contingent reward group and a control group. Results provide little support for the negative effects of performance rewards on motivational components. However, they do indicate that participants in the engagement-contingent reward group and the control group achieved higher rated creativity than participants in the performance-contingent reward group. Alternative explanations for this finding are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)439-458
Number of pages20
JournalScandinavian Journal of Educational Research
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2008 Oct


  • Creativity
  • Intrinsic Motivation
  • Rewards
  • Self-Regulation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education


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