Effects of TiC Addition on Directionally Solidified Microstructure of Ti6Al4V

Shunya Yamamoto*, Naoki Date, Yuhi Mori, Shinsuke Suzuki, Yoshimi Watanabe, Shizuka Nakano, Naoko Sato

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


In this study, the effects of TiC particles as the heterogeneous nucleus on the microstructure of directionally solidified Ti6Al4V were investigated. Ti6Al4V powder containing 0.0, 0.3, 1.0, and 2.0 vol pct TiC particles in a Ti6Al4V sheath was melted and directionally solidified with a floating zone melting method. In this process, the temperature gradient G was approximately 12 K/mm, and the solidification rate R was 15 mm/min. The mean size of prior β grains decreased with increasing TiC addition. In samples containing TiC particles, some grains had an aspect ratio lower than 1. This indicated that TiC particles acted as the heterogeneous nucleus and generated fine and equiaxed prior β grains. Although the many TiC particles melted into molten Ti6Al4V and the excessively melted carbon from TiC particles precipitated as Ti2C, residual TiC particles acted as a heterogeneous nucleus.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3174-3185
Number of pages12
JournalMetallurgical and Materials Transactions A: Physical Metallurgy and Materials Science
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Jul 15

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Metals and Alloys


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