Electro-optic modulator for compensation of third-order intermodulation distortion using frequency chirp modulation

Daichi Furubayashi, Yuta Kashiwagi, Takanori Sato, Tadashi Kawai, Akira Enokihara*, Naokatsu Yamamoto, Tetsuya Kawanishi

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


A new structure of the electro-optic modulator to compensate the third-order intermodulation distortion (IMD3) is introduced. The modulator includes two Mach-Zehnder modulators (MZMs) operating with frequency chirp and the two modulated outputs are combined with an adequate phase difference. We revealed by theoretical analysis and numerical calculations that the IMD3 components in the receiver output could be selectively suppressed when the two MZMs operate with chirp parameters of opposite signs to each other. Spectral power of the IMD3 components in the proposed modulator was more than 15 dB lower than that in a normal Mach-Zehnder modulator at modulation index between 0.15 and 0.25 rad. The IMD3 compensation properties of the proposed modulator was experimentally confirmed by using a dual parallel Mach-Zehnder modulator (DPMZM) structure. We designed and fabricated the modulator with the single-chip structure and the single-input operation by integrating with 180. hybrid coupler on the modulator substrate. Modulation signals were applied to each modulation electrode by the 180. hybrid coupler to set the chirp parameters of two MZMs of the DPMZM. The properties of the fabricated modulator were measured by using 10 GHz two-tone signals. The performance of the IMD3 compensation agreed with that in the calculation. It was confirmed that the IMD3 compensation could be realized even by the fabricated modulator structure.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)653-660
Number of pages8
JournalIEICE Transactions on Electronics
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Nov 1


  • Dual Parallel Mach-Zehnder Modulator
  • Electro-Optic Modulator
  • Frequency Chirp
  • Rat Race Circuit
  • Third-Order Intermodulation Distortion

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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