We have prepared Li-intercalated LixBi2Sr2CaCu2O8+δ (x =0-2.0) samples by using electrochemical method, and performed synchrotron x-ray diffraction, Cu K-edge x-ray absorption fine structure (XAFS), and magnetic susceptibility measurements. With increasing x, a- and c-lattice parameters monotonically increase, which shows lithium intercalation into Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8+δ. Accompanied by the lithium insertion, the valence of Cu ion changes from Cu2+/Cu3+ to Cu1+/Cu 2+ to realize charge neutrality. This change of the valence was detected by Cu K-edge XAFS measurement. A clear increase of spectral weight that corresponds to 1s→ 4pπ(3d10L) was observed at around 8982 eV with x. The superconducting (SC) transition temperature TC significantly changes from 74 K for x = 0 to 90 K for x = 0.8, which is attributed to modified density of states by the decrease of hole concentration. A volume fraction of the superconducting phase was 1-2 % for x ≥ 0.6 implying phase separation where Li-rich non SC phase and Li-poor SC phase coexist. Such a phase separation is universally seen in electrode active materials.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- General Physics and Astronomy