EMI in higher education: An ELF perspective

Kumiko Murata, Masakazu Iino

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

28 Citations (Scopus)


English-medium instruction (EMI) has recently been attracting great attention in higher education on a global scale. This chapter illustrates some of the realities of EMI in a Japanese context and discusses some definitions of EMI. It focuses on the discrepancy between EMI policies, practices and English as a Lingua Franca (ELF) use in EMI classrooms on the basis of student interviews and questionnaires administered to both students and faculty members. The interviews with students thus have revealed that Japanese students who experience EMI for the first time in particular suffer greatly in its beginning phase, mostly because of the taken-for-granted NES-norm-based practice of and belief in the ‘E’ both by themselves and other types of students and stakeholders. An important issue emerged in relation to ‘English’ used in EMI courses/programmes is the students’ attitudes towards ELF, which are mainly divided into two types: NSE-norm-orientated and ELF-orientated.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationThe Routledge Handbook of English as a Lingua Franca
PublisherTaylor and Francis
Number of pages13
ISBN (Electronic)9781317509202
ISBN (Print)9781138855328
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Jan 1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Arts and Humanities(all)
  • Social Sciences(all)


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