Empathic tutoring software agents using real-time eye tracking

Hua Wang*, Mark Chignell, Mitsuru Ishizuka

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

63 Citations (Scopus)


This paper describes an empathic software agent (ESA) interface using eye movement information to facilitate empathy-relevant reasoning and behavior. Eye movement tracking is used to monitor user's attention and interests, and to personalize the agent behaviors. The system reacts to user eye information in real-time, recording eye gaze and pupil dilation data during the learning process. Based on these yypeasures, the ESA infers the focus of attention and motivational status of the learner and responds accordingly with affective (display of emotion) and instructional behaviors. In addition to describing the design and implementation of empathic software agents, this paper will report on some preliminary usability test results concerning how users respond to the empathic functions that are provided.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationEye Tracking Research and Applications Symposium (ETRA)
Number of pages6
Publication statusPublished - 2005
Externally publishedYes
EventETRA 2006 - Symposium on Eye Tracking Research and Applications - San Diego, CA
Duration: 2006 Mar 272006 Mar 29


OtherETRA 2006 - Symposium on Eye Tracking Research and Applications
CitySan Diego, CA


  • Character agent
  • e-learning
  • Educational interface
  • Eye movements
  • Eye tracking
  • Eye-aware interfaces
  • Tracing
  • Tutoring

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology
  • Sensory Systems


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