Engineering lessons from the 28 september 2018 Indonesian tsunami: Debris loading

J. Stolle*, C. Krautwald, I. Robertson, H. Achiari, T. Mikami, R. Nakamura, Tomoyuki Takabatake, Y. Nishida, T. Shibayama, M. Esteban, I. Nistor, N. Goseberg

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

27 Citations (Scopus)


A field survey team went to Palu City, Indonesia in the aftermath of the September 28th, 2018 earthquake and tsunami to investigate its effects on local infrastructure and buildings. The study focused on the coast of Palu Bay, where a tsunami wave between approximately 2 and 7 m high impacted the local community as a result of several complex tsunami source mechanisms. The following study outlines the results, focused on loading caused by debris entrained within the inundating flow. Damage to timber buildings along the coast was widespread, though reinforced concrete structures for the most part survived, providing valuable insights into the type of debris loads and their effects on structures. The results of this survey are placed within the context of Canadian tsunami engineering challenges and are compared to the recently-released ASCE 7 Chapter 6 – Tsunami Loads and Effects, detailing potential research gaps and needs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-12
Number of pages12
JournalCanadian Journal of Civil Engineering
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2020


  • Coastal engineering
  • Debris
  • Field surveys
  • Indonesia
  • Natural disasters
  • Tsunami

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Environmental Science(all)


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