Entropy parameters for desiccant wheel design

Niccolò Giannetti*, Andrea Rocchetti, Kiyoshi Saito, Seiichi Yamaguchi

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Citations (Scopus)


In this work a thermodynamic analysis of a desiccant wheel is proposed to investigate and identify the optimum size and operating regime of this device. A steady state entropy generation expression, based on effectiveness parameters suitable for desiccant wheels operability, is obtained applying a control volume approach and assuming perfect gas behaviour of the binary air-vapour mixture. A new entropy generation number NL is defined using a minimum indicative value of the entropy generation SL,min and investigated in order to obtain useful criteria for desiccant wheels optimization. The effectiveness-NTU design method is employed by combining solution of thermal exchange efficiency for rotary heat exchanger with the characteristic potential method, under the conditions of heat and mass transfer analogy. The analysis is applied to a specific desiccant wheel and NL variation with NTU is explored under various operative conditions and wheels characteristics in terms of dimensionless velocity and flow unbalance ratio.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)826-838
Number of pages13
JournalApplied Thermal Engineering
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Jan 22


  • Desiccant wheel
  • Entropy generation
  • Irreversibility
  • Thermodynamic analysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering


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