Error-related negativity reflects detection of negative reward prediction error

Asako Yasuda*, Atsushi Sato, Kaori Miyawaki, Hiroaki Kumano, Tomifusa Kuboki

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

90 Citations (Scopus)


Error-related negativity (ERN) is a negative deflection in the event-related potential elicited in error trials. To examine the function of ERN, we performed an experiment in which two within-participants factors were manipulated: outcome uncertainty and content of feedback. The ERN was largest when participants expected correct feedback but received error feedback. There were significant positive correlations between the ERN amplitude and the rate of response switching in the subsequent trial, and between the ERN amplitude and the trait version score on negative affect scale. These results suggest that ERN reflects detection of a negative reward prediction error and promotes subsequent response switching, and that individuals with high negative affect are hypersensitive to a negative reward prediction error.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2561-2565
Number of pages5
Issue number16
Publication statusPublished - 2004 Dec 15
Externally publishedYes


  • Dopamine
  • Error-related negativity
  • Feedback
  • Positive and negative affect scales
  • Reward prediction
  • Uncertainty

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Neuroscience


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