Estimation method of planetary fast neutron flux by a Ge gamma-ray spectrometer

M. Hareyama*, Y. Fujibayashi, Y. Yamashita, Y. Karouji, H. Nagaoka, S. Kobayashi, R. C. Reedy, O. Gasnault, O. Forni, C. D'Uston, K. J. Kim, Nobuyuki Hasebe

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    3 Citations (Scopus)


    An intensity map of lunar fast neutrons (LFNs) and their temporal variation has been estimated by fitting "sawtooth" peaks in the energy spectra of lunar gamma rays observed by the Kaguya (SELENE) Gamma Ray Spectrometer (GRS) consisting of a high-purity germanium (HPGe) detector with a BGO scintillator. While an ordinary peak in the spectrum is produced by only gamma ray lines, the sawtooth peak is produced by gamma ray lines and recoil nuclei in the detector by Ge(n, n′ γ) reaction. We develop a model for the shape of the sawtooth peak and apply it to fit sawtooth peaks together with ordinary peaks in actual observed spectra on the Moon. The temporal variation of LFNs is synchronous with that of galactic cosmic rays (GCRs), and the global distribution of fast neutrons on the lunar surface agrees well with the past observation reported by the Neutron Spectrometer aboard Lunar Prospector. Based on these results, a new method is established to estimate the flux of fast neutrons by fitting sawtooth peaks on the gamma ray spectrum observed by the HPGe detector.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)145-155
    Number of pages11
    JournalNuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment
    Publication statusPublished - 2016 Aug 21


    • Fast neutron
    • Gamma ray spectrometer
    • HPGe detector
    • Kaguya
    • Moon
    • SELENE

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Instrumentation
    • Nuclear and High Energy Physics


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