Experimental and numerical analysis of the effects of thermal degradation on carbon monoxide oxidation characteristics of a three-way catalyst

Sota Aoyama*, Yunosuke Kubo, Ratnak Sok, Jin Kusaka

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

This work investigates oxygen-storage capacity (OSC) changes during thermal degradation in modern three-way catalysts. Two experiments are performed using catalysts with different degradation degrees to evaluate OSC and reaction rates. The CO2 production test, where CO and O2 are supplied at a constant temperature, shows decreased CO2 production with more degraded catalysts and reduced purification. The CO2 production test is conducted using transient temperature increases, showing that the maximum CO2 production temperature increases with catalyst degradation. The results reveal an increase in activation energy in the oxygen desorption reaction caused by thermal degradation progresses and a decrease in OSC, resulting in temperature increases in the oxygen storage reaction. In the surface reaction and mass transport model considering the 30 elementary reactions, the predicted results are well-validated for CO2 production, enabling good oxygen storage predictions based on actual data. These results can be used to predict OSC by formulating the changes in active site density and activation energy due to degradation.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere26592
JournalHeliyon
Volume10
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2024 Feb 29

Keywords

  • Catalyst aging
  • Emissions control
  • Gasoline engines
  • Modeling and simulation
  • Thermal degradation
  • Three-way catalyst

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

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