Experimental and numerical study of stratification and solidification/ melting behaviors

Gen Li*, Yoshiaki Oka, Masahiro Furuya

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

36 Citations (Scopus)


Given the severe accident of a light water reactor (LWR), stratification and solidification/melting are important phenomena in melt corium behavior within the reactor lower head, influencing the decay heat distribution and ablation of penetration tube and vessel wall. Numerical calculation is a necessary and effective approach for mechanistic study of local melt corium behavior. In this study, the improved moving particle semi-implicit (MPS) method was applied for investigating the stratification and solidification/melting phenomena. The implicit viscous term calculation technique and stability improvement technique were adopted to enable MPS to simulate the stratification process of materials with high viscosity in phase transition stage. The solid-liquid phase transition model was also coupled with MPS method. The validation experiment was carried out with low-melting-point metal tin and NeoSK-SALT. The layer configurations and temperature profiles obtained from MPS calculation showed good agreement with the experimental results. Meanwhile, the calculation results indicated that the material freezing behavior could affect the layer formation, and the layer configurations also significantly influenced the temperature profiles and heat flux distributions. The present results demonstrated that MPS method has the capacity to understand the local melt behavior in detail that is relevant to stratification and phase transition.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)109-117
Number of pages9
JournalNuclear Engineering and Design
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Jun
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics
  • Nuclear Energy and Engineering
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
  • Waste Management and Disposal
  • Mechanical Engineering


Dive into the research topics of 'Experimental and numerical study of stratification and solidification/ melting behaviors'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this