Experimental study on the influence of the porosity of parallel plate stack on the temperature decrease of a thermoacoustic refrigerator

Ikhsan Setiawan, Agung Bambang Setio Utomo, Mitrayana Mitrayana, Masafumi Katsuta, Makoto Nohtomi

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)


Thermoacoustic refrigerators are cooling devices which are environmentally friendly because they don't use hazardous gases like chlorofuorocarbons (CFCs) or hydrofuorocarbons (HFCs) but rather air or inert gases as working medium. They apply sound wave with high intensity to pump heat from the cold to hot the regions through a stack in a resonator tube. One of the important parameters of thermoacoustic refrigerators is the porosity (blockage ratio) of stack which is a fraction of cross sectional area of the resonator unblocked for the gas movement by the stack. This paper describes an experimental study on how the porosity of parallel plate stack affects the temperature decrease of a thermoacoustic refrigerator. The porosity of parallel plate stack is specified by the thickness of plates and the spacing between plates. We measured the maximum temperature decreases of thermacoustic refrigerator using stacks with various porosities in the range of 0.5-0.85, with plate spacing from 0.5 mm to 1.5 mm and plate thicknesses 0.3 mm, 0.4 mm, and 0.5 mm. The measurements were done with two resonators with length of 0.8 m and 1.0 m, with air at atmospheric pressure and room temperature, correspond to thermal penetration depths (δκ) of 0.26 mm and 0.29 mm, respectively. It was found that there is an optimum porosity which gives the largest temperature decreases, and there is a tendency that the optimum porosity shifts to a larger value and the temperature decrease become larger when we used a stack with thinner plates. On the other hand, the study on the dependence of the temperature decrease on the plate thickness and the plate spacing reveals more useful information than that on the stack porosity itself. We found that stack with thinner plates tends to give larger temperature decrease, and the plate spacing of around 4δκ leads to the largest temperature decrease.

Original languageEnglish
Article number012035
JournalJournal of Physics: Conference Series
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2013
Event2013 International Conference on Science and Engineering in Mathematics, Chemistry and Physics, ScieTech 2013 - Jakarta, Indonesia
Duration: 2013 Jan 242013 Jan 25

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)


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