Facile synthesis of superhydrophobic TiO 2/polystyrene core-shell microspheres

Z. M. Chen, S. J. Pan, H. J. Yin, L. L. Zhang, E. C. Ou, Y. Q. Xiong, W. J. Xu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Citations (Scopus)


In this paper, core-shell TiO 2/polystyrene (TiO 2/PS) microspheres with superhydrophobic properties were prepared via a facile method. Our method needs neither special apparatus nor complicated chemical treatment. The whole process includes two steps: firstly, coupling agent was used to modify TiO 2 by sol-gel method; secondly, fabrication of TiO 2/PS dispersions was carried out via in-situ free-radical polymerization strategy. The component and structure of the TiO 2/PS particles were characterized by Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy, hermogravimetric analysis (TGA), field emission scanning electron microscope (FE-SEM) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The TiO 2 gel particles with average diameter of 1 μm exhibited irregular spherical shape and obvious aggregation. Compared with the TiO 2 particles, the resulting TiO 2/PS particulates showed regular spherical shape, better dispersion and bigger size. By directly depositing the resulted TiO 2/PS dispersion on a Cu foil, the coating showed superhydrophobic property which was reflected by the contact angle (CA) of water on the surface with high water adhesion. The apparent CA of water is 153.5±1.5°, suggesting that this composite possesses well superhydrophobicity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)38-46
Number of pages9
JournalExpress Polymer Letters
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2011
Externally publishedYes


  • Adhesion
  • In-situ free-radical polymerization
  • Sol-gel method
  • Superhydrophobicity
  • TiO /PS particles

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Materials Chemistry
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry


Dive into the research topics of 'Facile synthesis of superhydrophobic TiO 2/polystyrene core-shell microspheres'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this