Fine-grain multithreading with the EM-X multiprocessor

Andrew Sohn*, Yuetsu Kodama, Jui Ku, Mitsuhisa Sato, Hirofumi Sakane, Hayato Yamana, Shuichi Sakai, Yoshinori Yamaguchi

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaperpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


Multithreading aims to tolerate latency by overlapping communication with computation. This report explicates the multithreading capabilities of the EM-X distributed-memory multiprocessor through empirical studies. The EM-X provides hardware supports for fine-grain multithreading, including a by-passing mechanism for direct remote reads and writes, hardware FIFO thread scheduling, and dedicated instructions for generating fixed-sized communication packets. Bitonic sorting and Fast Fourier Transform are selected for experiments. Parameters that characterize the performance of multithreading are investigated, including the number of threads, the number of thread switches, the run length, and the number of remote reads. Experimental results indicate that the best communication performance occurs when the number of threads is two to four. FFT yielded over 95% overlapping due to a large amount of computation and communication parallelism across threads. Even in the absence of thread computation parallelism, multithreading helps overlap over 35% of the communication time for bitonic sorting.

Original languageEnglish
Number of pages10
Publication statusPublished - 1997 Jan 1
Externally publishedYes
EventProceedings of the 1997 9th Annual ACM Symposium on Parallel Algorithms and Architectures, SPAA - Newport, RI, USA
Duration: 1997 Jun 221997 Jun 25


OtherProceedings of the 1997 9th Annual ACM Symposium on Parallel Algorithms and Architectures, SPAA
CityNewport, RI, USA

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Software
  • Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality


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