Finite-temperature-based time-dependent density-functional theory method for static electron correlation systems

Takeshi Yoshikawa, Toshiki Doi, Hiromi Nakai*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


In this study, we developed a time-dependent density-functional theory (TDDFT) with a finite-temperature (FT) scheme, denoted as FT-TDDFT. We introduced the concept of fractional occupation numbers for random phase approximation equation and evaluated the excited-state electronic entropy terms with excited-state occupation number. The orbital occupation numbers for the excited state were evaluated from the change in the ground-state electron configuration with excitation and deexcitation coefficients. Furthermore, we extended the FT formulation to the time-dependent density-functional tight-binding (TDDFTB) method for larger systems, denoted as FT-TDDFTB. Numerical assessment for the FT-(TD)DFT method showed smooth potential curves for double-bond rotation of ethylene in both ground and excited states. Excited-state calculations based on the FT-TDDFTB method were applied to the uniform π-stacking columns composed of trioxotriangulene, possessing neutral radicals in strong correlation systems.

Original languageEnglish
Article number244111
JournalJournal of Chemical Physics
Issue number24
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Jun 28

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry


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