Firm growth and barriers to growth among small firms in India

Alex Coad*, Jaganaddha Pawan Tamvada

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

128 Citations (Scopus)


Empirical work on micro and small firms focuses on developed countries, while existing work on developing countries is all too often based on small samples taken from ad hoc questionnaires. The census data we analyze here are fairly representative of small business structure in India. Consistent with findings from prior research on developed countries, size and age have a negative impact on firm growth in the majority of specifications. Enterprises managed by women have lower expected growth rates. Proprietary firms face lower growth on the whole, especially if they are young firms. Exporting has a positive effect on firm growth, especially for young firms and for female-owned firms. Although some small firms are able to convert know-how into commercial success, we find that many others are unable to translate it into superior growth.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)383-400
Number of pages18
JournalSmall Business Economics
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2012 Sept
Externally publishedYes


  • Barriers to growth
  • Declining firms
  • Developing countries
  • Entrepreneurship
  • Female entrepreneurs
  • Firm age
  • Firm growth
  • Micro and small businesses
  • Robust regression

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Business, Management and Accounting(all)
  • Economics and Econometrics


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