First evidence for silica condensation within the solar protoplanetary disk

Mutsumi Komatsu*, Timothy J. Fagan, Alexander N. Krot, Kazuhide Nagashima, Michail I. Petaev, Makoto Kimura, Akira Yamaguchi

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

26 Citations (Scopus)


Calcium-aluminum–rich inclusions (CAIs) and amoeboid olivine aggregates (AOAs), a refractory component of chondritic meteorites, formed in a high-temperature region of the protoplanetary disk characterized by approximately solar chemical and oxygen isotopic (Δ17O ∼ −24) compositions, most likely near the protosun. Here we describe a16O-rich (Δ17O ∼ −22 ± 2) AOA from the carbonaceous Renazzo-type (CR) chondrite Yamato-793261 containing both (i) an ultrarefractory CAI and (II) forsterite, low-Ca pyroxene, and silica, indicating formation by gas–solid reactions over a wide temperature range from -1,800 to -1,150 K. This AOA provides direct evidence for gas–solid condensation of silica in a CAI/AOA-forming region. In a gas of solar composition, the Mg/Si ratio exceeds 1, and, therefore, silica is not predicted to condense under equilibrium conditions, suggesting that the AOA formed in a parcel of gas with fractionated Mg/Si ratio, most likely due to condensation of forsterite grains. Thermodynamic modeling suggests that silica formed by condensation of nebular gas depleted by -10× in H and He that cooled at 50 K/hour at total pressure of 10−4 bar. Condensation of silica from a hot, chemically fractionated gas could explain the origin of silica identified from infrared spectroscopy of remote protostellar disks.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)7497-7502
Number of pages6
JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Issue number29
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Jul 17


  • Meteorites
  • Protoplanetary disk
  • Refractory inclusions

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General


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