The shortening of microtubules attached to kinetochores is the driving force of chromosome movement during cell division. Specific kinesins are believed to shorten microtubules but are dispensable for viability in yeast, implying the existence of additional factors responsible for microtubule shortening. Here, we demonstrate that Dis1, a TOG/XMAP215 ortholog in fission yeast, promotes microtubule shortening to carry chromosomes. Although TOG/XMAP215 orthologs are generally accepted as microtubule polymerases, Dis1 promoted microtubule catastrophe in vitro and in vivo. Notably, microtubule catastrophe was promoted when the tip was attached to kinetochores, as they steadily anchored Dis1 at the kinetochore-microtubule interface. Engineered Dis1 oligomers artificially tethered at a chromosome arm region induced the shortening of microtubules in contact, frequently pulling the chromosome arm towards spindle poles. This effect was not brought by oligomerised Alp14. Thus, unlike Alp14 and other TOG/XMAP215 orthologs, Dis1 plays an unconventional role in promoting microtubule catastrophe, thereby driving chromosome movement.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Medicine (miscellaneous)
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
- Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)