Flexible high-order QAM transmitters for elastic optical networks

Guo Wei Lu*, Takahide Sakamoto, Tetsuya Kawanishi

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


In order to adapt to the dynamics in the future optical networks, we propose and experimentally demonstrate two flexible high-order quadrature amplitude modulation (QAM) transmitter schemes: (a) a flexible transmitter using a tandem in-phase/quadrature modulators for generating 16QAM, 32QAM, 64QAM signals; and (b) a scheme based on monolithically integrated quad-Mach–Zehnder in-phase/quadrature with binary driving electronics for synthesizing minimum phase-shift keying (MSK), quadrature phase-shift-keying (QPSK), 8-ary phase-shift keying (8PSK), and 16QAM. These schemes provide different approaches to configure a flexible high-order QAM transmitter, either using cascaded off-the-shelf modulators or via highly integrated monolithic modulator. These flexible and reconfigurable transmitter schemes exhibit different characteristics in terms of system performance, which provides the network operators different flexible transmitter solutions suitable for different application scenarios in elastic optical networks.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)345-352
Number of pages8
JournalPhotonic Network Communications
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Apr 1
Externally publishedYes


  • Elastic optical networks
  • Flexible transmitter
  • Quadrature amplitude modulation (QAM)
  • Software-defined optical network

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Software
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Hardware and Architecture
  • Computer Networks and Communications
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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