Fuzzy Detection System for Rumors through Explainable Adaptive Learning

Zhiwei Guo, Keping Yu*, Alireza Jolfaei, Ali Kashif Bashir, Alaa Omran Almagrabi, Neeraj Kumar

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

61 Citations (Scopus)


Nowadays, rumor spreading has gradually evolved into a kind of organized behaviors, accompanied with strong uncertainty and fuzziness. However, existing fuzzy detection techniques for rumors focused their attention on supervised scenarios that require expert samples with labels for training. Thus, they are not able to well handle the unsupervised scenarios where labels are unavailable. To bridge such gap, this article proposed a fuzzy detection system for rumors through explainable adaptive learning. Specifically, its core is a graph embedding-based generative adversarial network (Graph-GAN) model. First of all, it constructs fine-grained feature spaces via graph-level encoding. Furthermore, it introduces continuous adversarial training between a generator and a discriminator for unsupervised decoding. The two-stage scheme not only solves the fuzzy rumor detection under unsupervised scenarios, but also improves robustness of the unsupervised training. Empirically, a set of experiments are carried out based on three real-world datasets. Compared with seven benchmark methods in terms of four metrics, the results of the Graph-GAN reveal a proper performance, which averagely exceeds baselines by 5-10%.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3650-3664
Number of pages15
JournalIEEE Transactions on Fuzzy Systems
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Dec 1


  • Cyberspace security
  • fuzzy detection system
  • generative adversarial learning (GAL)
  • graph embedding (GE)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Computational Theory and Mathematics
  • Artificial Intelligence
  • Applied Mathematics


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