G0S2 regulates innate immunity in Kawasaki disease via lncRNA HSD11B1-AS1

Mako Okabe, Shinya Takarada, Nariaki Miyao, Hideyuki Nakaoka, Keijiro Ibuki, Sayaka Ozawa, Kazuhiro Watanabe, Harue Tsuji, Ikuo Hashimoto, Kiyoshi Hatasaki, Shotaro Hayakawa, Yu Hamaguchi, Michiaki Hamada, Fukiko Ichida, Keiichi Hirono*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


Background: Kawasaki disease (KD) is a systemic vasculitis that is currently the most common cause of acquired heart disease in children. However, its etiology remains unknown. Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) contribute to the pathophysiology of various diseases. Few studies have reported the role of lncRNAs in KD inflammation; thus, we investigated the role of lncRNA in KD inflammation. Methods: A total of 50 patients with KD (median age, 19 months; 29 males and 21 females) were enrolled. We conducted cap analysis gene expression sequencing to determine differentially expressed genes in monocytes of the peripheral blood of the subjects. Results: About 21 candidate lncRNA transcripts were identified. The analyses of transcriptome and gene ontology revealed that the immune system was involved in KD. Among these genes, G0/G1 switch gene 2 (G0S2) and its antisense lncRNA, HSD11B1-AS1, were upregulated during the acute phase of KD (P < 0.0001 and <0.0001, respectively). Moreover, G0S2 increased when lipopolysaccharides induced inflammation in THP-1 monocytes, and silencing of G0S2 suppressed the expression of HSD11B1-AS1 and tumor necrosis factor-α. Conclusions: This study uncovered the crucial role of lncRNAs in innate immunity in acute KD. LncRNA may be a novel target for the diagnosis of KD. Impact: This study revealed the whole aspect of the gene expression profile of monocytes of patients with Kawasaki disease (KD) using cap analysis gene expression sequencing and identified KD-specific molecules: G0/G1 switch gene 2 (G0S2) and long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) HSD11B1-AS1.We demonstrated that G0S2 and its antisense HSD11B1-AS1 were associated with inflammation of innate immunity in KD.lncRNA may be a novel key target for the diagnosis of patients with KD.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)378-387
Number of pages10
JournalPediatric Research
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2022 Aug

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health


Dive into the research topics of 'G0S2 regulates innate immunity in Kawasaki disease via lncRNA HSD11B1-AS1'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this