GPS multipath mitigation for urban area using omnidirectional infrared camera

Jun Ichi Meguro*, Taishi Murata, Jun Ichi Takiguchi, Yoshiharu Amano, Takumi Hashizume

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

184 Citations (Scopus)


This paper describes a precision positioning technique that can be applied to vehicles in urban areas. The proposed technique mitigates Global Positioning System (GPS) multipath by means of an omnidirectional infrared (IR) camera that can eliminate the need for invisible satellites [a satellite detected by the receiver but without line of sight (LOS)] by using IR images. Some simple GPS multipath mitigation techniques, such as the installation of antennas away from buildings and using choke ring antennas, are well known. Further, various correlator techniques can also be employed. However, when a direct signal cannot be received by the antenna, these techniques do not provide satisfactory results because they presume that the antenna chiefly receives direct signals. On the other hand, the proposed technique can mitigate GPS multipath, even if a direct signal cannot be received because it can recognize the surrounding environment by means of an omnidirectional IR camera. With the IR camera, the sky appears distinctively dark; this facilitates the detection of the borderline between the sky and the surrounding buildings, which are captured in white, due to the difference in the atmospheric transmittance rate between visible light and IR rays. Positioning is performed only with visible satellites having fewer multipath errors and without using invisible satellites. With the proposed system, static and kinematic evaluations in which invisible satellites are discriminated through observation using an omnidirectional IR camera are conducted. Hence, signals are received even if satellites are hidden behind buildings; furthermore, the exclusion of satellites having large errors from the positioning computation becomes possible. The evaluation results confirm the effectiveness of the proposed technique and the feasibility of highly accurate positioning.

Original languageEnglish
Article number4770186
Pages (from-to)22-30
Number of pages9
JournalIEEE Transactions on Intelligent Transportation Systems
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2009


  • Global Positioning System (GPS)
  • Infrared (IR) image sensors
  • Multipath mitigation
  • Self-positioning
  • Urban areas

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Automotive Engineering
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Computer Science Applications


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