Harmony seeking and the risk of prostate cancer: A prebioptic study

Hiroaki Kumano*, Etsuko Haseme, Hiroyuki Fujimoto, Naoki Matsuoka, Kazuhiro Yoshiuchi, Yosuke Uchitomi, Tatsuo Akechi, Tomohito Nakano, Minatsu Kobayashi, Ichiro Agari, Tomifusa Kuboki

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


Objective: This semiprospective case-control study was performed to investigate the relationship between harmony-seeking personality and the occurrence of prostate cancer. Methods: Out of 217 consecutive participants admitted to hospital for biopsy, 86 and 81 were classified into the case and control groups, respectively, based on their initial diagnosis and eligibility criteria. The participants answered several questionnaires after admission. The logistic regression model was used for multivariate analyses to assess the association. Results: "Harmony-seeking personality" was selected as the only psychological variable significantly contributing to the model, while "family history of prostate cancer" as the only somatic variable. "Harmony-seeking" maintained a significant contribution to the model, also including "family history" and even to the model adjusted by "patient prediction of cancer diagnosis" and "prostate-specific antigen" (PSA), probably related to the consequences of the disease. Conclusion: The harmony-seeking personality could differentiate between groups of men with and without prostate cancer.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)167-174
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Psychosomatic Research
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2005 Sept
Externally publishedYes


  • Family history
  • Harmony-seeking personality
  • Logistic regression analysis
  • Prebioptic study
  • Prostate cancer

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health


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