Heterostructures assembled from graphitic carbon nitride and Ti3C2Tx MXene as high-capacity cathode for aluminum batteries

Yiqun Du, Boya Zhang, Wenyang Zhang, Huixin Jin, Jingyu Qin, Jiaqi Wan*, Youjian Zhang, Zihan Wang, Jianxin Zhang, Guowen Chen

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)


As a compelling complement to lithium batteries, rechargeable aluminum batteries (RABs) have attracted considerable attention because of abundant natural resources, high volumetric capacity, and safety property of aluminum metal. However, the deployment of RABs is hampered by the lack of favorable cathodes with high capacity and rapid kinetics. To address the long-unresolved issue of aluminum-storage capacity and rate, here we design a heterostructured g-C3N4/Ti3C2Tx hybrid which offers a conductive supporting framework to maintain structural integrity and accelerate electronic transport. The energy storage mechanism of the heterostructured g-C3N4/Ti3C2Tx cathode was demonstrated as the reversible intercalation of AlCl4 during cycling. Moreover, the battery-capacitance model mechanism in the heterostructured g-C3N4/Ti3C2Tx hybrids may accelerate the kinetics of the electrode reactions. Furthermore, DFT calculations certify that heterostructured g-C3N4/Ti3C2Tx possesses enhanced electrical conductivity and Al trapping capability. Accordingly, the heterostructured g-C3N4/Ti3C2Tx cathode affords RABs with an excellent Al-storage property (237 mAh g-1 at 0.5 A g-1) and considerable rate capabilities (174 mAh g-1 at 4 A g-1) among state-of-the-art cathode materials for aluminum batteries.

Original languageEnglish
Article number162901
JournalJournal of Alloys and Compounds
Publication statusPublished - 2022 Mar 10
Externally publishedYes


  • Aluminum batteries
  • Cathode materials
  • Graphitic carbon nitride
  • MXene

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Materials Chemistry


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