High performance pnp AlGaNGaN heterojunction bipolar transistors on GaN substrates

Kazuhide Kumakura*, Toshiki Makimoto

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Citations (Scopus)


We fabricated pnp AlGaNGaN heterojunction bipolar transistors (HBTs) with various emitter areas on GaN substrates and investigated their common-emitter current-voltage and high-power characteristics at room temperature. The HBTs with an emitter area of 30×50 μ m2 exhibited a high performance: a maximum current gain of 85 at a collector current of 30 mA and a maximum collector current density of 7.3 kA cm2 at a collector-emitter voltage of 30 V, which corresponds to the maximum power dissipation density of 219 kW cm2. The current gain and the collector current density increased compared to those on sapphire substrates. For the HBT with the emitter area of 270×450 μ m2, the current gain was still as high as 47 and the maximum collector current reached as high as 1 A, and this single HBT showed a high-power dissipation of 30 W. This high performance of the HBTs is ascribed to the low dislocation density and relatively high thermal conductivity of the GaN substrate. Although the emitter crowding and self-heating effects remain, the obtained values are highest among pnp nitride-based HBTs.

Original languageEnglish
Article number153509
JournalApplied Physics Letters
Issue number15
Publication statusPublished - 2008
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)


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