Homogeneity tests for one-way models with dependent errors under correlated groups

Yuichi Goto*, Koichi Arakaki, Yan Liu, Masanobu Taniguchi

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


We consider the problem of testing for the existence of fixed effects and random effects in one-way models, where the groups are correlated and the disturbances are dependent. The classical F-statistic in the analysis of variance is not asymptotically distribution-free in this setting. To overcome this problem, we propose a new test statistic for this problem without any distributional assumptions, so that the test statistic is asymptotically distribution-free. The proposed test statistic takes the form of a natural extension of the classical F-statistic in the sense of distribution-freeness. The new tests are shown to be asymptotically size α and consistent. The nontrivial power under local alternatives is also elucidated. The theoretical results are justified by numerical simulations for the model with disturbances from linear time series with innovations of symmetric random variables, heavy-tailed variables, and skewed variables, and furthermore from GARCH models. The proposed test is applied to log-returns for stock prices and uncovers random effects in sectors.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)163-183
Number of pages21
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2023 Mar


  • Dynamic panel data
  • Fixed effect
  • Homogeneity test
  • Longitudinal data
  • One-way model
  • Random effect

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Statistics and Probability
  • Statistics, Probability and Uncertainty


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