How can we realize skillful and precise movement?

Ken ichi Morishige*, Rieko Osu, Naoki Kamimura, Hiroshi Iwasaki, Hiroyuki Miyamoto, Yasuhiro Wada, Mitsuo Kawato

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


Although human motor variability inevitably exists because of neural noises, it is not clear how humans can effectively reduce this variability for task accuracy. We examined the ability of humans to compensate for this variability during task-constraint reaching movements. The positional variance and muscle activations of reaching movements with task-constraints were compared with those without task-constraints. Flexor and extensor muscles were co-activated for the movements with task-constraints, and the positional variance was decreased to obtain accuracy. The results indicated that subjects were able to regulate their muscle impedance and to modulate the variability to meet the task requirements.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)188-191
Number of pages4
JournalInternational Congress Series
Publication statusPublished - 2007 Jul
Externally publishedYes


  • Co-contraction
  • Impedance control
  • Task-constraint

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Medicine


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