HRCA+: Advanced Multiple-choice Machine Reading Comprehension Method

Yuxiang Zhang, Hayato Yamana

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

3 Citations (Scopus)


Multiple-choice question answering (MCQA) for machine reading comprehension (MRC) is challenging. It requires a model to select a correct answer from several candidate options related to text passages or dialogue. To select the correct answer, such models must have the ability to understand natural languages, comprehend textual representations, and infer the relationship between candidate options, questions, and passages. Previous models calculated representations between passages and question-option pairs separately, thereby ignoring the effect of other relation-pairs. In this study, we propose a human reading comprehension attention (HRCA) model and a passage-question-option (PQO) matrix-guided HRCA model called HRCA+ to increase accuracy. The HRCA model updates the information learned from the previous relation-pair to the next relation-pair. HRCA+ utilizes the textual information and the interior relationship between every two parts in a passage, a question, and the corresponding candidate options. Our proposed method outperforms other state-of-the-art methods. On the Semeval-2018 Task 11 dataset, our proposed method improved accuracy levels from 95.8% to 97.2%, and on the DREAM dataset, it improved accuracy levels from 90.4% to 91.6% without extra training data, from 91.8% to 92.6% with extra training data.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2022 Language Resources and Evaluation Conference, LREC 2022
EditorsNicoletta Calzolari, Frederic Bechet, Philippe Blache, Khalid Choukri, Christopher Cieri, Thierry Declerck, Sara Goggi, Hitoshi Isahara, Bente Maegaard, Joseph Mariani, Helene Mazo, Jan Odijk, Stelios Piperidis
PublisherEuropean Language Resources Association (ELRA)
Number of pages10
ISBN (Electronic)9791095546726
Publication statusPublished - 2022
Event13th International Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation Conference, LREC 2022 - Marseille, France
Duration: 2022 Jun 202022 Jun 25

Publication series

Name2022 Language Resources and Evaluation Conference, LREC 2022


Conference13th International Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation Conference, LREC 2022


  • machine reading comprehension
  • multiple-choice question answering
  • natural language processing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Language and Linguistics
  • Library and Information Sciences
  • Linguistics and Language
  • Education


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