Impact of a Japanese Incentivization Program to Increase End-of-Life Care Outside of Hospitals

Mikiya Sato*, Nanako Tamiya, Xueying Jin, Taeko Watanabe, Hideto Takahashi, Haruko Noguchi

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)


Objectives: To analyze the association of an incentivization program to promote death outside of hospitals with changes in place of death. Design: A longitudinal observational study using national databases. Setting and Participants: Participants comprised Japanese decedents (≥65 years) who had used long-term care insurance services and died between April 2007 and March 2014. Methods: Using a database of Japanese long-term care insurance service claims, subjects were divided into community-dwelling and residential aged care (RAC) facility groups. Based on national death records, change in place of death after the Japanese government initiated incentivization program was observed using logistic regression. Results: Hospital deaths decreased by 8.7% over time, mainly due to an increase in RAC facility deaths. The incentivization program was more associated with decreased in-hospital deaths for older adults in RAC facilities than community-dwelling older adults. Conclusions and Implications: In Japan, the proportion of in-hospital deaths of frail older adults decreased since the health services system introduced the incentivization program for end-of-life care outside of hospitals. The shift of place of death from hospitals to different locations was more prominent among residents of RAC facilities, where informal care from laymen was required less, than among community residents.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)329-333
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of the American Medical Directors Association
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Feb


  • Long-term care insurance
  • home- and community-based care
  • in-hospital death
  • informal care
  • place of death
  • residential aged care

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nursing(all)
  • Health Policy
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology


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