Cute-1.7+APD II is the third pico-satellite developed by students at the Tokyo Institute of Technology. One of the primary goals of the mission is to validate the use of avalanche photodiodes (APDs) as a radiation detector for the first time in a space experiment. The satellite was successfully launched by an ISRO PSLV-C9 rocket in Apr 2008 and has since been in operation for more than 20 months. Cute-1.7+APD II carries two reversetype APDs to monitor the distribution of low energy particles down to 9.2 keV trapped in a Low Earth Orbit (LEO), including South Atlantic Anomaly (SAA) as well as aurora bands. We present the design parameters and various preflight tests of the APDs prior to launch, particularly, the high counting response and active gain control system for the Cute-1.7+APD II mission. Examples of electron/proton distribution, obtained in continuous 12-hour observations, will be presented to demonstrate the initial flight performance of the APDs in orbit.