In Search of Optimum Institutions for Forest Management

Keijiro Otsuka*, Ryo Takahashi, Ridish Pokharel

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


There is a variety of forest management institutions ranging from state management to community and private management. This article attempts to identify the conditions under which one institution outperforms the others in the efficiency of forest management based on a review of the literature, empirical evidence on the dominant forest management institutions, and theoretical arguments. In conclusion, we argue that the community management system performs best for nontimber forests, whereas a mixed management system, in which forest protection is carried out communally and tree management is carried out individually, is likely to work best for timber forests.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)300-314
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Sustainable Forestry
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Apr 3
Externally publishedYes


  • community management
  • management incentives
  • mixed management
  • private management
  • protection cost
  • state management

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Forestry
  • Food Science
  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law


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