In-situ adaptation against climate change can enable relocation of impoverished small islands

Ma Laurice Jamero*, Motoharu Onuki, Miguel Esteban, Christopher Chadwick, Nicholson Tan, Ven Paolo Valenzuela, Richard Crichton, John Erick Avelino

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)


In-situ adaptation is commonly perceived to discourage mass migration, instead providing adverse incentives to continue building and living in risky areas. However, evidence from small islands in central Philippines experiencing frequent tidal flooding shows that in-situ adaptation can help enable mass migration by reducing vulnerability and increasing the resources needed for successful relocation. Using ecosystem-based adaptation, the island communities are able to increase their resilience to disasters, which could otherwise drive sudden and unplanned relocation. Using community-based adaptation or no regrets strategies such as education and vocational skills training, the younger generation of residents will be better able to find more mainland-based job opportunities, potentially enabling the natural depopulation of the island in the future.

Original languageEnglish
Article number103614
JournalMarine Policy
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Oct


  • Adaptive capacity
  • Climate vulnerability
  • Community-based adaptation
  • Ecosystem-based adaptation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Aquatic Science
  • Environmental Science(all)
  • Economics and Econometrics
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law
  • Law


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