Influence of surface termination groups on electrochemical charge storage of MXene electrodes

Kosuke Kawai, Masaki Fujita, Ryosei Iizuka, Atsuo Yamada*, Masashi Okubo

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


Two-dimensional transition-metal carbides/nitrides (MXenes) have been intensively investigated as electrode materials for electrochemical energy storage devices, such as batteries and supercapacitors, due to their high capacitance, high-rate capability, and good cycle stability. Although MXenes possess various surface termination groups (e.g., -O, -OH, -F, -Cl, and -Br) that directly interact with adsorbed cations to exhibit charge transfer, the influence of each surface termination group on the electrochemical properties of MXene remains elusive because of difficulty in achieving exclusively modified termination. Herein, we report the electrochemical properties of MXenes with surface termination groups controlled by using fluorine-based aqueous solutions and molten salts as etchants. In aqueous electrolytes, Ti3C2Cl x and Ti3C2Br x synthesized using molten salts show no electrochemical activity in contrast to Ti3C2T x (T = O, OH, F, and Cl). Meanwhile, in a nonaqueous electrolyte, Ti3C2Cl x and Ti3C2Br x undergo amorphization upon the initial lithiation. These results suggest that the -O, -OH, and -F terminations play an important role in the electrochemical properties of MXene electrodes.

Original languageEnglish
Article number014012
Journal2D Materials
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2023 Jan


  • MXene
  • battery
  • electrochemistry
  • intercalation
  • supercapacitor

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Chemistry
  • General Materials Science
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


Dive into the research topics of 'Influence of surface termination groups on electrochemical charge storage of MXene electrodes'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this