Inhibition of pituitary prolactin secretion by human placental lactogen in rats

H. Nagasawa, R. Yanai, K. Yamanouchi

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    12 Citations (Scopus)


    Intact female rats given twice daily injections of 1 mg human placental lactogen (HPL) showed continued dioestrous vaginal smears and their ovarian corpora lutea were found to be hypertrophied and functional. The serum prolactin level was significantly lower in these rats than in the controls at dioestrus as well as at pro oestrus. Twice daily injections of 0.5 or 2 mg HPL to ovariectomized rats decreased serum and pituitary levels of prolactin and increased hypothalamic activity of prolactin inhibiting hormone, although the effect was less at the lower dose. Human placental lactogen had no direct effect on pituitary prolactin in vitro. These findings have demonstrated that HPL, like prolactin itself, inhibits prolactin secretion by acting indirectly on the pituitary through the hypothalamus.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)115-120
    Number of pages6
    JournalJournal of Endocrinology
    Issue number1
    Publication statusPublished - 1976

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Endocrinology


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