Interfacial effects on the crystallization and surface properties of poly(l-lactic acid) ultrathin films

Akihiro Udagawa, Toshinori Fujie, Yuko Kawamoto, Akihiro Saito, Shinji Takeoka, Toru Asahi*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)


Polymer crystallization affects structural and mechanical properties of polymer thin films. In this study, we focused on the thermal annealing-induced crystallization in semi-crystalline poly(l-lactic acid) (PLLA) ultrathin films (referred as nanosheets) was investigated in terms of interfacial interaction of PLLA with air and substrate. The surface structure of the PLLA nanosheets observed by atomic force microscopy showed that roughness of the air-side surface increased due to crystallization of PLLA under thermal annealing, whereas that of the substrate-side surface changed little. The elastic moduli and the physical adhesiveness of the nanosheets also changed only on the surface of the air side from crystallization, in contrast to the substrate side. The X-ray diffraction studies of the PLLA nanosheets with different thickness showed that the crystalline contents steeply increased below ca. 200 nm. These results indicated that the crystallization was enhanced near the surface of the air side and restricted near that of the substrate side due to the different interfacial association of the polymer chains in the nanosheet.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)157-161
Number of pages5
JournalPolymer Journal
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Feb 1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Materials Chemistry


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