In this study, we investigated PdCuSi metallic glass (MG) as a sensing material for capacitive MEMS hydrogen sensors. We first confirmed by film analysis that the fabricated PdCuSi film was MG and that it had a trigonal prism cluster. The measured pressure-composition-temperature curve of PdCuSi MG exhibited no hysteresis during hydrogen absorption and desorption. The response time was found to become faster by two orders of magnitudes compared with that of Pd polycrystal. These properties were attributed to the trigonal prism clusters. Strain was evaluated in the low hydrogen concentration regime of 0.05 vol% to 4.0 vol%, and the strain of PdCuSi MG was found to follow Sieverts' law well, indicating that hydrogen is present in the MG in a diffuse state. The hydrogen-concentration dependence of a capacitive MEMS hydrogen sensor was measured and hysteresis-free characteristics were obtained, implying advantages in hydrogen leak detection applications.
- Hydrogen sensor
- Metallic glass
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
- Fuel Technology
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Energy Engineering and Power Technology