Is western marxism western? The cases of Gramsci and Tosaka

Takahiro Chino*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This paper aims to show that two eminent Marxists in the 1930s, the Italian Antonio Gramsci and the Japanese Tosaka Jun, shared three important characteristics of so-called Western Marxism: the methodological development of Marxism, the focus on the superstructure, and the pessimism about the impossibility of immediate revolution. Showing that Gramsci and Tosaka shared these characteristics enables us to revisit the framework of “Western Marxism,” which confusingly consists of both theoretical characteristics and geographical criteria. Looking at Gramsci and Tosaka on the same plane allows us to revisit Marxist thought different from the orthodox Marxism in Soviet Russia, and not strictly as a Western, but as a part of potentially global movement of thought.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)28-41
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of World Philosophies
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2017


  • Antonio Gramsci
  • Global Intellectual History
  • Marxist Philosophy
  • Tosaka Jun
  • Western Marxism

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Philosophy


Dive into the research topics of 'Is western marxism western? The cases of Gramsci and Tosaka'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this