Joint Protection of Energy Security and Information Privacy for Energy Harvesting: An Incentive Federated Learning Approach

Qianqian Pan, Jun Wu*, Ali Kashif Bashir, Jianhua Li, Wu Yang, Yasser D. Al-Otaibi

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

31 Citations (Scopus)


Energy harvesting (EH) is a promising and critical technology to mitigate the dilemma between the limited battery capacity and the increasing energy consumption in the Internet of everything. However, the current EH system suffers from energy-information cross threats, facing the overlapping vulnerability of energy deprivation and private information leakage. Although some existing works touch on the security of energy and information in EH, they treat these two issues independently, without collaborative and intelligent protection cross the energy side and information side. To address the aforementioned challenge, this article proposes a joint protection framework of energy security and information privacy for EH with an incentive federated learning approach. First, we design a federated-learning-based malicious energy user detection method according to energy status and behaviors to provide energy security protection. Second, a differential-privacy-empowered information preservation scheme is devised, where sensitive information is perturbed and protected by the customized demand-based noise. Third, a noncooperative-game-enabled incentive mechanism is established to encourage EH nodes to participate in the joint energy-information protection system. The proposed incentive mechanism derives the optimal energy-information security strategy for EH nodes and achieve a tradeoff between the protection of energy security and information privacy. Evaluation results have verified the effectiveness of our proposed joint protection mechanism.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3473-3483
Number of pages11
JournalIEEE Transactions on Industrial Informatics
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2022 May 1
Externally publishedYes


  • Differential privacy (DP)
  • energy harvesting (EH)
  • federated learning (FL)
  • incentive mechanism
  • joint protection

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Information Systems
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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