Kerlan-Jobe Orthopaedic Clinic (KJOC) score and scapular dyskinesis test in collegiate baseball players

Masaaki Tsuruike*, Todd S. Ellenbecker, Norikazu Hirose

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Citations (Scopus)


Background: The Kerlan-Jobe Orthopaedic Clinic (KJOC) score has been used to describe various parameters of throwing shoulder and elbow function for the return to play after a long period of rehabilitation, such as after ulnar collateral ligament reconstruction. No study has yet to identify how scapular dyskinesis (SD) in baseball players affects the KJOC score. This study investigated the relationship of the KJOC score to SD evaluated in collegiate baseball players with and without upper extremity injury. Materials and methods: The study participants were 30 male collegiate baseball players (13 pitchers) belonging to the National Collegiate Athletic Association D-I conference. Participants were assessed with the KJOC instrument in the beginning (PRE) and end (POST) of the season. The SD test was conducted (PRE) in shoulder flexion to identify SD Results: The mean value of KJOC score was significantly less in POST than that of PRE for the pitchers with SD (89.3 and 60.5, respectively; P =.001), whereas no difference was found in the KJOC score between PRE and POST for the pitchers without SD. For the position players, no difference in the mean value of KJOC score was found between PRE and POST, regardless of SD. Conclusion: The results of this study provide evidence that collegiate baseball pitchers with mild SD may have lower KJOC scores, particularly setup or relief pitchers.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1830-1836
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Oct


  • KJOC scores
  • Level I
  • Prognosis Study
  • Prospective Design
  • college baseball pitchers
  • course of season
  • overhead athletes
  • scapular dyskinesis
  • self-report assessment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine


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