Kinetics and mechanism of selenate and selenite removal in solution by green rust-sulfate

Aina Onoguchi, Giuseppe Granata, Daisuke Haraguchi, Hiroshi Hayashi, Chiharu Tokoro*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Citations (Scopus)


This work investigated the removal of selenite and selenate from water by green rust (GR) sulfate. Selenite was immobilized by simple adsorption onto GR at pH 8, and by adsorption-reduction at pH 9. Selenate was immobilized by adsorption-reduction to selenite and zero valent selenium (Se 0 ) at both pH 8 and 9. In the process, GR oxidized to a mixture of goethite (FeOOH) and magnetite (Fe 3 O 4 ). The kinetics of selenite and selenate sorption at the GR-water interface was described through a pseudo-second-order model. X-ray absorption spectroscopy data enabled to elucidate the concentration profiles of Se and Fe species in the solid phase and allowed to distinguish two removal mechanisms, namely adsorption and reduction. Selenite and selenate were reduced by GR through homogeneous solid-phase reaction upon adsorption and by heterogeneous reaction at the solid-liquid interface. The selenite reduced through heterogeneous reduction with GR was adsorbed onto GR but not reduced further. The redox reaction between GR and selenite/selenate was kinetically described through an irreversible second-order bimolecular reaction model based on XAFS concentration profiles. Although the redox reaction became faster at pH 9, simple adsorption was always the fastest removal mechanism.

Original languageEnglish
Article number182147
JournalRoyal Society Open Science
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Apr 1


  • Green rust
  • Immobilization
  • Kinetics
  • Mechanism
  • Selenium

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General


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