Learned Image Compression with Fixed-point Arithmetic

Heming Sun, Lu Yu, Jiro Katto

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

5 Citations (Scopus)


Learned image compression (LIC) has achieved superior coding performance than traditional image compression standards such as HEVC intra in terms of both PSNR and MS-SSIM. However, most LIC frameworks are based on floating-point arithmetic which has two potential problems. First is that using traditional 32-bit floating-point will consume huge memory and computational cost. Second is that the decoding might fail because of the floating-point error coming from different encoding/decoding platforms. To solve the above two problems. 1) We linearly quantize the weight in the main path to 8-bit fixed-point arithmetic, and propose a fine tuning scheme to reduce the coding loss caused by the quantization. Analysis transform and synthesis transform are fine tuned layer by layer. 2) We exploit look-up-table (LUT) for the cumulative distribution function (CDF) to avoid the floating-point error. When the latent node follows non-zero mean Gaussian distribution, to share the CDF LUT for different mean values, we restrict the range of latent node to be within a certain range around mean. As a result, 8-bit weight quantization can achieve negligible coding gain loss compared with 32-bit floating-point anchor. In addition, proposed CDF LUT can ensure the correct coding at various CPU and GPU hardware platforms.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2021 Picture Coding Symposium, PCS 2021 - Proceedings
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
ISBN (Electronic)9781665425452
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Jun
Event35th Picture Coding Symposium, PCS 2021 - Virtual, Online
Duration: 2021 Jun 292021 Jul 2

Publication series

Name2021 Picture Coding Symposium, PCS 2021 - Proceedings


Conference35th Picture Coding Symposium, PCS 2021
CityVirtual, Online


  • Fine-tuning
  • Fixed-point
  • Image compression
  • Neural networks
  • Quantization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Signal Processing
  • Media Technology


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